Iron Age II Terracotta Incense Burner, with splayed foot and brown pigment. 1000 - 800 BCE, Ex: B. Rhodes collection, Florida. 6" x 4 1/2" diameter. Some professional repair to foot, otherwise in excellent condition. A censer, incense burner, perfume burner or pastille burner, is a vessel made for burning incense or perfume in some solid form. These vessels vary greatly in size, form, and material of construction, and have been in use since ancient times in many cultures, in both secular and religious contexts. They may consist of simple earthenware bowls or fire pots to intricately carved silver or gold vessels, small table top objects a few centimeters tall to as many as several meters high. Many designs use openwork to allow a flow of air. In many cultures, burning incense has spiritual and religious connotations, and this influences the design and decoration of the censer. Early Middle Eastern vessels are usually called perfume burners, and had no specific religious function, but were widely used in houses. Animal shapes, often lynx or other cats, in bronze or brass with openwork bodies are found from the 11th century until the Mongol conquests of the 13th century. A wide variety of other types were used at different times.