Assyrian, or Urartian, Bronze figure of a recumbent Lion, ca. 8th - 7th Century BCE. With gaping jaw and bulging eyes, the mane a mass of wavy hair on the sides, incised rows on the top, his tail curving on to his flank, a tapering pin, square in section, protruding from the back suggesting the figure served as a support. In excellent condition 1 1/4" x 1 7/8" x 1/4", on custom stand 2" high. Ex: Christie's New York. Assyria was a major Semitic-speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant. It existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BCE in the form of the Assur city-state,until its collapse between 612 BCE and 609 BCE, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age. From the end of the seventh century BC to the mid-seventh century CE, it survived as a geopolitical entity, for the most part ruled by foreign powers, although a number of Neo-Assyrian states arose at different times during the Parthian and early Sasanian Empires between the mid-second century BC and late third century AD, a period which also saw Assyria become a major center of Syriac Christianity and the birthplace of the Church of the East.