Monumental in size and very heavy carved Yuan dynasty Stone Figure of Guan Yin, goddess of mercy and compassion. China, (1279 - 1368 CE) Large size at 35" high. Exquisitely carved sculpture with adorning crown, pleasing facial features, full hips and pleated sampot. In excellent condition. Ex: A. Lamm collection, New York. Guan Yin is the bodhisattva of compassion, revered by Buddhists as the Goddess of Mercy. Her name is short for Guan Shi Yin. Guan means to observe, watch, or monitor; Shi means the world; Yin means sounds, specifically sounds of those who suffer. Thus, Guan Yin is a compassionate being who watches for, and responds to, the people in the world who cry out for help. Bodhi means wisdom or enlightenment; sattva means being or essence. Put the two together and you get bodhisattva, a being who is enlightened and ready to transcend the cycles of birth and death, but chooses to return to the material world in order to help other people reach the same level of enlightenment. This is the ultimate demonstration of pure compassion.