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Hellenistic Pottery Oil Lamp, Head of Papposilenos / Silenus

Hellenistic Pottery Oil Lamp, Head of Papposilenos / Silenus

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Ancient World: Holy Land: Pottery: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1199094

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Hellenistic pottery oil lamp of the Head of Silenus, or Silenos, circa 1st Century BCE to 1st Century CE, found in the Holy Land. Silenus with wide smile and curly beard. Loop handle missing but in very good condition. 3 1/2 in length. Ex: Archaeological Center, Old Jarra. SEILENOS (or Silenus) was the old rustic god of the dance of the wine-press, his name being derived from the words seiô, "to move to and fro," and lênos, "the wine-trough." He was also the god of drunkenness who rode in the train of Dionysos seated on the back of a donkey. The old satyr was the foster-father of the god Dionysos. The divine child was delivered into his care after his birth from the thigh of Zeus, and raised by Seilenos and the Nysiades in a cave on the mythical mountain of Nysa. Seilenos once got separated from his young protegé as they were travelling through the land of Phrygia. But he was found and treated hospitably by King Midas. As a reward for this act of kindness, Dionysos bestowed the king with a golden touch. Seilenos was the father or grandfather of the tribes of Seilenoi (Silens), Satyroi (Satyrs) and Nymphs. He was depicted as a jovial old man, hairy and balding with a pot-belly and snub-nose, and the ears and tail of an ass.