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Egyptian Sarcophagus Cartonnage Mummiform Mask

Egyptian Sarcophagus Cartonnage Mummiform Mask

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Pre AD 1000: Item # 1184303

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Spectacular framed and mounted Egyptian Sarcophagus Cartonnage / Wooden Mummiform Mask. Remnants of cartonnage fabric wrap and gesso. Original polychrome visible for a large portion of mask. Some wear due to age. Mask 11" x 8" mounted in custom shadow box with dimensions of 23" x 19" x 4". ca. Late Dynastic Period,4th Century BCE. Ex: Arieh Klein Ltd., Jerusalem. Cartonnage is a type of material used in Ancient Egyptian funerary masks from the First Intermediate Period to the Roman era. It was made of layers of linen or papyrus covered with plaster. Some of the Fayum mummy portraits are also painted on panels made of cartonnage. In a technique similar to papier-mâché, scraps of linen or papyrus were stuck together with plaster or resin and used to make mummy cases and masks.[3] It could be molded to the shape of the body, forming a type of shell. After the material dried it could be painted or gilded. The shell could be decorated with geometric shapes, deities, and inscriptions. During the Ptolemaic era, the single shell method was altered to include four to six pieces of cartonnage. There would generally be a mask, pectoral, apron, and foot casing. In certain instances there were two additional pieces used to cover the ribcage and stomach.