Etruscan Miniature Bronze of a Recumbent Lion, ca 6th - 5th Century BCE. On all fours with front paws outstretched. With pleasing facial features, almond eyes and incised fur, mane, and tail. In excellent condition. Ex: Sotheby's New York. 1 1/2" high x 2 1/2" long. On stand 2" high. Cf. Animals in Ancient Art from the Leo Mildenberg collection, image 105, page 126. According to Mark Cartwright at Ancient History Encyclopedia, the Etruscan civilization flourished in central Italy between the 8th and 3rd century BCE. The culture was renowned in antiquity for its rich mineral resources and as a major Mediterranean trading power. Much of its culture and even history was either obliterated or assimilated into that of its conqueror, Rome. Nevertheless, surviving Etruscan tombs, their contents and their wall paintings, as well as the Roman adoption of certain Etruscan clothing, religious practices, and architecture, are convincing testament to the great prosperity and significant contribution to Mediterranean culture achieved by Italy's first great civilization.